Updated September, 2006


Red Bead

1.  Be an active and productive member of your patrol to the satisfaction of your Patrol Chief and Troop leaders, having participated in at least two camps.

2.  Be punctual in meeting attendance and have attended at least 75% of meetings for a period of at least 2 months.

3.  Make every reasonable effort to participate in any Troop “good turns” and any fundraising activities.

4.  Have successfully completed a proper 15 hour solo according to standards.

5.  Have a basic knowledge of the following important figures in our group and provide a brief verbal discussion on each:
a.  Earnest Thomson Seton
b.  Tom Brown Jr.

6.  Know the origins and history of your troop.

7.  Know the roles and duties of Patrol Chiefs and the Court of Honour.

8.  Understand and explain the Explorer Law, Virtues and Motto.  (Appendix A)

9.  Understand and explain the Wilderness Conservation Pledge.

10.  Be familiar with the Troop Prayer.

11. Compose one recitation of thanks and present it at an opportune time.

12.  Pursue your faith according to the dictates and wishes of your family.

13.  Practice the Sacred Silence of meditation.





2ND Red Bead

1.  Explain why values associated with Native Culture are use as the standards for our group.

2.  Have constructed an Explorer Staff and a “Scout” Staff and identify ten different uses.

3.  Understand the symbolism of the Pipe Ceremony, as it is used in the Investiture Ceremony.

4.  Have knowledge of the Medicine Wheel, and explain the dynamic process.

5.  Express in your daily life a tolerance of those different from you. 

6.  Strive to maintain your body as a temple of creation.

7.  Twenty-four hour solo.

8.  Begin a journal of experiences related to path-level meditations


1st Yellow Bead

1.  A) Start a fire using  bow drill materials either created by you or provided to you. 
     B) Be able to light a fire in normal conditions within two minutes using natural material and one match.

2.  Build a proper survival debris shelter and sleep in it (preferably without sleeping bag) for one night. 

3.  Demonstrate the movement techniques of Fox Walking and Stalking.

4.  Be able to follow trail signs for a distance of one kilometer.

5.  Make a collection on a natural theme that can be used for identification.  Suggestions:
- track moldings                                                                      - scat                            - edible plants
- cordage materials

10.  Explain the various emergency signals to be used in the wilderness.

11.  Know the characteristics of ten wild animals found in our region and know how to recognise them and their tracks.  Choose one and learn as much about it as you can. 


12.  Be able to tie the following knots reliably:
- clove hitch            - bowline                         - figure eight
- hangman’s knot   - fisherman’s     - two half hitches

13.  Be able to demonstrate the effective use of square and diagonal lashing.

14.  Know and demonstrate how to care for all group camping equipment.

15.  Have participated in at least one summer camp or hike of at least 5 days duration. 

16.  Know and enforce the proper way to dispose of human waste at camp, to wash in an environmentally safe way, and to keep an orderly campsite. Practice “No-Trace Camping”.

17.  Know how to harvest and make cordage from natural materials. 


1st Black Bead

1. Keep an ongoing journal of tracking information and experiences.  Begin a record of regular visits to your sit area.  These should be at least 40 minutes in duration and at least twice a week.

4.  Be able to follow trail signs for a distance of one kilometer.

3.  Identify 20 clear print tracks.

4. On two occasions, have kept a record for at least one week of a study using “The Wisdom Of The Marks”.  Complete one additional study of aging using something other than tracks.  

5.  Be able to explain the 5 Ws of Tracking.

6.  Participate in one service project related to caretaking of the environment.

7.  Be able to identify a variety of the hazardous plants and creatures of our environment. 


1st White Bead

1.  Demonstrate the movement techniques of Fox Walking and Stalking.

2.  Identify the main legend items on a topographical map

3.  Successfully navigate on a journey using a top map or road map.

4.  Take a bearing from a map and follow it using a compass.

5.  Know basic weather concepts to assist with the prediction of weather, including barometric pressure changes, cloud formations and wind direction.  Be aware of several weather clues provided by awareness of the natural environment.

6.  Know the basics of camouflage and stealth movement and have participated in at least one practice Scout mission.




3rd Red Bead

1.  Complete a 48 hour solo according to the standards.

2.  In the eyes of the Patrol Chief Council and the Troop leaders, have demonstrated your continued commitment to your Troop and Patrol along with the Explorer and Tracker Principles.

3.  Successfully participate in a Sweat Lodge Ceremony and explain the symbolism of various parts of the ceremony.  Take the role as a fire chief in a sweat ceremony and prepare yourself to take the role as a sweat chief in a future ceremony.

4.  Have read and be ready to discuss with your patrol and leaders written material by each of these authors:
-Tom Brown Jr
-Earnest Thomson Seton
-Dan Millman

5.  Prepare and instruct part of a Troop meeting night, including materials needed and any other practical preparation. 

6.  Understand the underlying principle of energy in force-level meditations and the fundamental purpose of healing involved.



2nd Yellow Bead

1.  Have participated in the preparation of a live animal for a meal.

2. Build at least five different types of animal traps:
- 2 involving dead fall triggers

- 2 involving snares
- the Apache man trip trigger

3.  A.  With your patrol or other team of Explorers, have made a significant contribution to the creation of fire with no assistance except knife and cordage.  “Significant contribution” is determined by Patrol Chief and Troop Leaders.
B.  Demonstrate one other fire making technique other than the classic bow-drill method.

4.  Have constructed at least one basic throwing stick and one modified throwing stick.  Show a reasonable degree of effort in using it and an effort to imporve.

5.  Have participated in at least three summer wilderness camps or hikes of at least 5 days duration.

6.  Have successfully constructed one survival container such as a basket or natural clay pot.

7. Construct a coffin style snow shelter.


2nd Black Bead

1.  Have maintained a journal or notebook since the awarding of the 1st black bead bead. Part of this journal should be a description of experiences in a sit area, used at least twice a week for a period of three months.

2.  Have maintained a journal devoted specifically to tracking skills and experiences.  Part of this journal should be a record of properly judging the age of tracks and other animal sign.

3.  Be able to identify the compression patterns of the four different kinds of walkers and their various gaits. 
4. Have a basic knowledge of macro pressure releases

5.  Be able to identify at least 20 edible or medicinal plants, including the proper method of preparation. 

6.  Be able to identify at least 10 birds along with their calls.  Have a basic understanding of the benefits and main classifications of “bird language”.


2nd White Bead

1.  Demonstrate the moving techniques of scout running, scout crawl and belly crawl.

2.  Have shown an effort and proficiency in stalking movement techniques.

3.  Complete at least one native craft, such as: moccasins, dream catcher, medicine pipe, pipe or medicine bag, basket, drum, etc.

4. A) Be able to show the skill of triangulation using a top map and a compass.
    B) Using a landmark destination on a topographical map, navigate a distance of at least 2 km without the use of roads or trails.

5.  With 5 minutes notice, be able to camouflage yourself within 6 metres of a trail in a way as not to be easily seen.

6.  With no prior warning, be able to sketch an accurate map of your home area, school area or meeting area.

7.  Identify several natural indicators of weather change.

8.  Understand the proper operation of a scout team, and be proficient in the use of hand signals.




4TH Red Bead

1.  Plan and then carry out a proper two day Vision Quest.  Reasearch.  Define a purpose.  Consult with several leaders as to the process.  Acquire a watcher.  Plan a period of time and a location that will include a sweat lodge.  Prepare yourself physically for the period of fasting.  Keep a Journal for at least six months previous to the Vision Quest concerning your thoughts and preparations.  Discuss your Quest with an Elder afterwards and continue to record your thoughts in your journal. 

2.  Show that you are able to confidently conduct a Pipe Ceremony with your own pipe, for yourself or for a group.

3.  Have read at least 3 books on the reading list (other than those read for the black bead) and be prepared to discuss them with Patrol and Leaders. 

4.  Demonstrate your sense of Thanksgiving, Compassion and Service through the planning and conducting of a service project involving yourself and at least two other Explorers or friends.

5.  Express to your Patrol or Troop, or a Timber Wolf Den or other youth group,  the way you have most benefited, and the things you have best achieved from your Troop experiences.  Tie the experience to one of the statements in the Explorer Law or Principles


3RD Yellow Bead

1.  Research and present to the Troop a new survival skill which has not previously been instructed.

2. Create a winter survival shelter, campsite and fire.

3.  Sleep in a winter survival shelter for at least one night and live in a winter survival campsite for a period of at least 36 hours. 

4.  In the summer time, by yourself, create a complete survival camp, including the following elements:
- a shelter created by yourself
- a grass mat
- a primitive tool
- fire from scratch, using 2 different methods
- at least one meal that is entirely gathered or hunted

5.  Have acquired and prepared an animal for a meal in a primitive manner. 

6.  Build a pair of snow shoes from natural material with provided cordage.  They must be able to support the Explorer on a one hour excursion over the snow. 

7.  Have participated in at least four wilderness camps or hikes of at least 5 day duration, including at least one of which should have no less than a 10 day duration.

8.  Have constructed with proper materials and shown some practice and proficiency with a hand drill.


3rd Black Bead

1.  Demonstrate a basic understanding of foot maps for animals and people, along with the use of micro-pressure releases. 

2.  Be able to identify at least 12 different types of scat.  Develop and use drawings, pictures or a physical scat collection to help you. 

3.  Be able to identify at least 8 types of coniferous and at least 10 types of deciduous trees. 

4.  Understand the concept of “concentric rings” in nature, and have included progressive observations on this topic in a journal.


3rd White Bead

1.  Visit a local grocery store.  After a 10-minute walk through the store, exit the facility and submit to your leaders for questioning.  You should be able to provide a map of the store layout, gross storage capabilities, security, number of employees, best hiding spots, exits, employee clothing and other similar information. 

2.  In daylight or twilight, and in natural camouflage, be able to approach a leader or patrol camp within four metres without being seen. 

3.  Using a topographical map and/or an aerial photograph, construct an orienteering game for your patrol or troop, which makes use of a map (of your creation) and a compass. 

4, Create and teach to your patrol a system of code words and hand signals for use in a variety of situations.



Appendix A

Explorer Law

1.  An Explorer’s honour is to be trusted.
2.  An Explorer is loyal to his country, parents and group.
3.  An Explorer’s duty is to be useful and helpful to others.
4.  An Explorer shows friendship to all and kinship to all other Explorers.
5.  An Explorer is courteous and chivalrous.
6.  An Explorer has reverence for all the plants and animals of Nature.
7.  An Explorer is thorough and conscientious, and trusts his superiors when orders need to be followed.
8.  An Explorer maintains a positive, pleasant and productive attitude under all difficulties.
9.  An Explorer does not waste and is resourceful.
10.  An Explorer is clean in thought, word and deed. 


Tracker Principles

1.  The Earth is our Mother and our teacher, deserving of reverence.  The caretaking of the Earth shows our esteem.  From our silence and endurance we learn from her.  From our awareness we communicate with her.  With our skills we touch her.  Through thanksgiving and caretaking we give back to her.

2.  The realities of Force, Spirit and the Physical world are linked by intention through meditation.

3.  Energy is needed for all outcomes, and that internal energy can be created, conserved and lost.  Respecting the body as the temple of a Creator through the purity of silence, intent, honour and thankfulness, will maintain that energy. 

4.  The aim of being human is to evolve conscious awareness, deliberate will, respectful efficacy and sincere compassion.

5.  Most people are not aware of these values, our culture does not support them and adherence to them will, to a degree, estrange us from that culture.  The group must support each other in the face of that estrangement. 




Appendix B : The Wilderness Pledge

Keep all trails and campsites clean of litter
nNot graffiti or deface or destroy any trees, vegetation or rocks
nAlways respect the cleanliness of the water
nRemain on existing trails and be careful not to create unnecessary new ones
Insure that my fire is DEAD OUT
nAlways be considerate of the campers that are to follow
nTake a moment each camping day to appreciate and give thanks for this wilderness

Adapted from the Philmont Scout Ranch Wilderness Pledge



Appendix C : Troop Prayer

I thank the Earth for feeding my body
I thank the sun for warming my bones,
I thank the trees for the air I breathe,
And I thank the water for nourishing my soul.

~ Leah Wolfsong


Hikes (1)                            Camps (2)

15 hour solo (2)                24 hour solo (3)           Challenge Hike (2)
Sweat Lodge (1)               Night Drum Stalk (1)    Apache Scout Camp

Skills  (each worth one unless otherwise stated)

carve & use throwing stick 
throwing stick accuracy 66%
construct bow drill with knife
fire in two minutes              
construct bow drill - no knife
successfully start bow drill fire (2)
build debris hut in team
build debris hut alone         
sleep in debris hut (2)        
cordage making (natural materials)
full camo & descenting
location hike                        
two deadfall traps
two snare traps         
5 other traps (2)
bow (2)                       
arrowhead (2)
sling bow (2)              
fishing spear
fishing net from natural cordage
bone fish hooks and other tools
catch and prepare fish primitively
building & sleep in snow shelter
mouth or hand drill    -demo/smoke
identify twenty edible plants
identify ten medicinal plants
harvest & prepare edible plants
hide tanning (2)
foxwalking, stalking
clear track ID  -test              
compression pattern ID
exposure to pressure releases
"wisdom of the marks"       
animal prep from live
bowl & spoon burning
stone tools
sign tracking  -ID on trail
scout pits
grass mats
bow making (emergency models) 
advanced camo
rockwork: lithics tools
basket making:   -cedar  -melon
pottery au naturale     -firing
arrow making   
lamps and torches
Eskimo fireboard
slings and bolas
tracking box
"wisdom of the marks" not a track
concentric ring study
micro and macro pressure release
footmaps -deer & human

tracking teams
disection & breaks
"collective observation"
Sprit Tracking

-Spirit Tracking
-Proper instruction in Force Skills  
 -spirit projection   
-force sensing and manipulation
-Scout Philosophy skills
-scout stick trigger
-shadow stalking and invisibility
-bubble projection
-shifting assemblage point and the issue of "point of view"
-Laban psychology
-Gurdjieff and Enneagram studies
-more advanced parts of Millman Energy Management theories

dreamcatcher                   drum                    pipe
basket                      leatherwork                   beading

Outside Honours:
L.W.W. (5)                         B.S.M.S. (5)                  St. John's First Aid (3)
Gray Bead (5)









Inouk (Winter Camping)




First Aid


Native Culture


Individual Badge Program



1.  Have attended at least one leadership training weekend.

2.  Be aware of and be able to explain the leadership and group development model used in this group.

3.  Have functioned as a responsible Patrol Chief for your patrol for at least six months, having carried out the proper duties effectively according to the evaluation of the Court of Honour and the Troop Leaders, including:
-maintaining an attendance record
-communicating with your patrol members when necessary
-ensuring the proper care of equipment
-encourage Explorers to advance in their skill development and bead program

4.  Have taken on a major leadership role for the organization of at least one fund raising project, service project or theme camp.

5.  Have taken the responsibility for the instruction of at least one 30 minute period of instruction at a meeting of another youth group on a topic discussed with the Troop Leaders.  Make all the necessary preparations for the lesson.

6.  Volunteer to act in a leadership capacity for at least one camp or outing for a younger group.



1.  Know how to make and use square, diagonal and shear lashings.

2.  Know how to whip or otherwise properly care for the end of a rope.

3.  Know with confidence the following knots:
-square / reef               - sheet bend                 -clove hitch                 -reverse clove hitch
-two half hitches         - timber hitch               -bowline                      -figure eight
-fisherman                   - hangman’s                 -

4.  Know and demonstrate the proper care and usage for a knife, axe and saw.

5.  Build a scale model of a Troop Leader approved pioneering project.

6.  Know how to select and properly cut down a tree.  Be able to have it fall in a precise direction, lop off the branches, and return the site to a clean, natural state.

7.  Complete, in a team, a major pioneering project, such as a bridge, tower or aerial runway. 



1.  A)  Know how to take a bearing from a map with a compass and follow it.
     B)  Know how to transfer a sighted bearing to a map.

2.  Explain and allow for magnetic declanation

3.  Know how to read the legend on a map and be familiar with at least 25 common legend symbols.

4.  Know how to use the scale on a map to estimate distances.

5.  Have participated in at least one competitive orienteering event.

6.  Know how to interpret contour lines on a map to determine elevation and slope.

7.  Know and use six-digit topographical coordinates.

8.  Have navigated on one major voyage in unknown territory, whether it be in the wilderness or with a road map.

9.  Know how to effectively use a GPS system for navigation.



1.  Know and use the service signals in semaphore.

2.  Send and receive a message in semaphore at a rate of thirty letters or signs a minute.

3.  Send and receive a message in morse, with light or sound, at a rate of forty letters, numbers and signs a minute. 

4.  Know the principles of breaking simple codes.

5.  Invent a secret code that is difficult to break.

6.  Organize and run at least one signalling game for your patrol.

7. Invent and implement a verbal code for your patrol. 

1.  Know how to pack your gear appropriately for
A) a light weight hike
B) a canoe trip
C) a weekend standing camp
D) a week long standing camp

2.  Prepare an personal and a group equipment packing checklist for each of the above situations. 

3.  Plan a patrol menu, including doing the shopping, budgeting and acquiring the proper cooking equipment.

4.  Know how to build a fire in both dry and wet conditions, showing awareness of the different sizes and types of wood to be used.  Practise proper fire safety.

5.  Know how to ensure safe drinking water.

6.  At camp, know how to dispose of human waste in a properly dug and located latrine.

7.  Use and encourage the Wilderness Pledge.

8.  Understand and supervise the proper storage of food at night to protect it from wild animals.

9.  Demonstrate no trace camping.

10.  Have participated in at least five wilderness weekend camps, three wilderness camps five days long (or longer) and one wilderness winter camp.

11.  Investigate one new camping location and present it to the Court of Honour for consideration.  Be sure to present complete information, such as location, accessibility, water, campsite load and required permission. 



1.  Explain the requirements in properly and safely storing food at camps.  Identify the concerns and suggest some of the acceptable ways that food can be stored. 

2.  Establish a menu for at least a three day camp which demonstrates an interesting, nourishing and financially reasonable choice of foods. 

3.  Know how to use the various forms of camp stoves properly.  Clean and maintain them.

4.  Cook at least one breakfast and one supper on an open fire.  The meal must be ambitious enough to satisfy standards set by the Troop Leaders.  (i.e. no hot dogs!!)

5.  Cook at least three dinners using a dutch oven.  This must include one dessert.

6.  Prepare at least one camp meal from a Native American Cookbook.

7.  Plan at least two meals preparing your cooking in advance and heating it in aluminium foil in a fire at camp
8.  Prepare at least one substantial meal using each of the following methods:
- pit                              -Spit                            -hot rocks (no pots or pans0
-stone oven                  -clay covered               -

7.  Help set up and maintain a group web page for camp recipes and ideas, so that other Explorers can benefit from your efforts. 



1.  Maintain your bicycle in good working order.

2.  Include the proper safety items on you bicycle, including reflectors, light, bell, pump and repair kit.

3.  Be capable of
-repairing a flat tire                 -replacing the chain                 -changing a brake block
-adjusting the brake and gear cables

4.  Know and respect the rules of the road.  Know the proper method of riding in a group. 

5.  Know the proper methods of signalling when you are riding on a road.

6.  With your patrol or other Troop members, plan and complete a day bicycle trip of at least 25 km. Have investigated the rout, itinerary and likely time span. 

7.  A) With your patrol or other Troop members, take part in a bicycle camp of at least sixty km.
     B) Develop a personal and group equipment list for such a camp and determine how you will attach this equipment to the bicycle for the trip.



1.  Know how to properly lay and light a successful fire in conditions where there is snow on the ground. 

2.  Know how to build at least three types of winter shelters, one of which must be a “snow coffin”.
3.  Have slept in a snow coffin or other snow shelter for at least four nights (not necessarily consecutive). 

4.  Prepare a personal and group equipment packing list for a winter wilderness camp.

5.  Know the symptoms, avoidance procedures and treatment of hypothermia, snow blindness and frostbite. 

6.  Prepare in the winter at least four hot, nourishing meals.

7.  Choose an appropriate site and erect a tent in winter snow conditions. 

8.  Know how to properly and safely obtain water in sub-zero conditions. 

9.  A) Know the safety precautions to take on a frozen lake or river.
     B) Explain how to cope with a situation where you or another person has fallen through ice into cold water. 

10.  Take part in a snowshoe winter camping trip of at least five kilometres. 



1.  With your Troop or Patrol, and under the supervision of Troop Leaders, plan a walking hike of at least 72 hours (on the trail) and 40 kilometres. 

2.  For this trip,
- investigate the routes using the proper maps,
- identify emergency locations,
- research the area to be explored for any items of interest
- prepare an itinerary and program, if appropriate
- prepare a list of individual and group equipment needed
Submit this information to the Troop Leaders and the Court of Honour at least two weeks before the event.

3.  Prepare a menu for your trip, using light weight and non-perishable foods found in a grocery store. 

4.  When participating in this trip, keep a simple log of the rout which might help other hikers in the future. Present this Log to your Troop Leaders and Court of Honour after the event. 

5.  Suggest at least two other possible hiking areas to the Troop Leaders. 

6.  Have acquired your Orienteering Badge


1.  Know the proper way to enter an exit a canoe and to load it with equipment without causing any damage.

2.  Know and demonstrate proficiency in using the following strokes:
- bow power                - J stroke                      - sweep (C) stroke                  
- draw                          - pry                             - sculling draw
- back paddle

3.  Be able to stern a canoe effectively in a reasonably straight line over a distance of 200 m.

4.  Know and demonstrate proficiency in using the following strokes in a solo situation
- J stroke                      - draws, prys and sculls           - Canadian stroke

5.  Demonstrate the proper position for soloing a canoe.

6..  Be able to solo a canoe effectively in a reasonably straight line over a distance of 200 m.

7.  Have accumulated at least 10 days of canoe trip experience (not necessarily consecutive).

8.  Know and demonstrate with another Explorer the proper way to do a canoe over canoe rescue.

9.  Know and demonstrate how to enter a canoe from the water.

10.  Point out and name each part of a canoe and paddle.

11.  Change places with your partner while your canoe is afloat.
12. Know and demonstrate the proper way to use a throw rope in an emergency situation. 

13.  Discuss the preparation of a canoe trip, examining:
a) safety   
b) route
c) equipment

d) food



1.  Know how to read white water using the proper terminology, such as
- eddy              - pillow            - souse hole                 -haystack                     - ledge
- “V”               -

2.  Know and demonstrate the following manoeuvres in a current
- forward and back ferry                     - eddy turn
- docking in a current                          - peel out into current

3.  Know the importance of a high and low brace, and demonstrate them in a canoe.

4.  Explain the rules to follow in a strong current.

5.  Demonstrate a canoe over canoe rescue in under two minutes.

6.  Know and discuss the precautions to take when approaching an unknown set of rapids.



1.  Know the difference between an indigenous and an exotic plant.  Know the harmful effects of some exotic plants.  Be able to name a variety of each.

2.  Understand the causes of erosion and be able to explain several possible ways to prevent and reverse it. 

3.  Name three ways in which plants and animals are interdependent.

4.  Give an example of a four step land and a four step water food chain.

5.  Be able to recognize at least 6 hazardous plants or animals in your area.  Explain safety concerns for each example.  Explain how each is important to the environment. 

6.  Be able to discuss with some knowledge the following issues:
- Acid Rain                 - Greenhouse Effect                - Deforestation           
- Water Quality           -

7.  Have participated in an effort to reclaim a damaged environmental area.



Participate in a proper first aid course to acquire official certification.



1.  Know the general weather pattern for this part of the world.

2.  Know the meaning of the following terms and how they are related to weather prediction”
- dew point                  - barometric pressure               - high and low pressure
- relative humidity       - wind chill                              - cold and warm front

3.  Explain the differences between orographic, frontal and convectional precipitation.  Explain where and under what circumstances each type is most likely to occur.  Explain the importance of each in predicting weather.

4.  Know and describe at least five different forms of cloud formation.  Explain how each can be used to predict the weather. 

5.  Explain what a “flash flood” is and what precautions you must take if there is a chance that you might be exposed to one.

6.  State, describe and evaluate at least 6 old weather proverbs.

7.  Explain several ways in which animal behaviour can assist in predicting weather. 

8.  Conduct and report on an experiment measuring debris thickness and it’s relationship to predicting weather.



1.  Know which Native tribes inhabited your general area in the past.

2.  Locate their present areas on a map.

3.  Visit a Pow-Wow.

4.  Research some of the culture of a local and a non-local Native tribe to examine their
- customs and traditions          - shelter and food gathering                - spiritual beliefs
- rites of passage

5.  Understand and have participated in the following ceremonies
- pipe ceremony                       - sweat lodge

6.  Explain with confidence the principles and meanings of the Medicine Wheel. 

7.  Discuss with your leaders at least two fundamental ways in which Native and non-Native people differ in the way they regard reality, the environment or in way of life.



Other possibilities that we’re working on.   Got a suggestion; let us know!








1.  Have attended at least two retreat camps of at least 36 hr. duration which have the specific purpose of teaching Philosophy, Meditation and other non-physical skills.

2.  Have practised for at least a period of one year the meditations related to “sub conscious” (Path-related) skills.

3.  Have completed at least one 24 hour solo, during which time you have engaged in personal contemplation and meditation.

4.  Be fully aware of the “stations of the stairs”, relating to Force skills.

5.  Be able to explain to a Leader what you feel are the most important responsibilities and purposes for the study and practice of Blue Bead skills.



1.  Have completed your first blue bead.

2.  Have practised for at least a period of two years the meditations related to the “sub conscious” and the “Force”. 

3.  Have completed at least one 48 hour solo, during which time you have engaged in personal contemplation and meditation.

4.  Have attended at least two additional retreat camps relating to the teaching of Force and Spirit Level meditations.

5.  In the esteem of the Leaders and the other BB2 holders, have lived up to all of the aspects of the Explorer and Tracker Laws and Principles. 

6.  Understand and explain the meaning of “nia-cu” and have participated in at least one exercise relating to it. 




1.  Have participated in at least one Apache Scout training camp.

2.  Have successfully participated in at least two formal missions.

3.  Have constructed a proper Scout Staff.

4.  Have demonstrated some ability in lance fighting and other self defence arts.

5.  Be able to explain the history and the Code of Behaviour of the Apache Scouts. 

6.  Have read at least one of the books from the “Reading List” which is related to the Scout way of life.



1.  Participate in a road trip, hike or canoe trip of at least 21 days in duration. 

2.  Explain the meaning of the word “Bohemian”.

3.  In preparation for the trip, have taken on an area of responsibility to research and plan a part of the journey.

4.  Keep a journal on the trip, including personal observations and record of finances. 

5.  Assist the group in a production of a Log of the trip, which may take the form of a poster, book, DVD, web page or other form of presentation. 




Explorer Reading List

I would recommend these as the priority books to read first:
The Way of the Scout; Grandfather; The Tracker; The Search; The Vision
Field Guides:
...To Survival; ...To Awareness and Tracking; ... To Edible Plants;
...To Living With the Earth

- Gospel Of The Red Man
- The Book of Woodcraft
- Wild Animals I Have Known



- The Education Of Little Tree
- Watch For Me On The Mountain
Two wonderful novels which exemplify the Native way of life.  Both very different. 

The Sacred Tree
A short book which focusses on the medicine wheel and the properties of the cardinal directions.  A great explanation of the role of the medicine wheel in every day life. 

- The Tao of Pooh

-The Way Of The Peaceful Warrior
-No Ordinary Moments